Friday, April 22, 2011

17 Countries With World's Smallest Area

Not many know that in this world there are many countries that the extent of not more than 200 square miles or approximately 300 km2. The population is also only a few hundred thousand souls, instead there is only a population of 14,014 inhabitants. Wahh .. yes it feels weird, Compare it with the city of Jakarta, the land area of ​​661.52 km2 and the sea area of ​​6977.5 km2, the population reached 8.5 million people more.

While based on the smallest countries in the world, the Vatican ranks first only 0.2 square miles, is populated mostly not a permanent resident, aka their temporary residence there out of duty.

1.Vatican City-This is the smallest country in the world, the extent of 0.44 km2 with a population of about 800 people, but mostly they are not permanent residents.

This small country to protect the Basilica of St. Peter, who is the spiritual center for Roman Catholics around the world (1 billion more people). The position of the Vatican itself is in the neighborhood of Rome, Italy.

2. Monaco. This is the second smallest state, located near Nice, France. State-shaped city of this kingdom had existed since the 13th century, the extent of 1.95 km2 and has a population of only 32,000 inhabitants. This country has only one municipality. There are no geographical distinction between the State and the city of Monaco, even though the responsibility of government and of municipal (city level) different.


According to the constitution of 1911, the kingdom was divided into three cities:
• Monaco (Monaco-Ville), the old city on a rocky promontory extending into the Mediterranean Sea, known as the Rock of Monaco or Le Rocher where lies the palace
• Monte Carlo, is a residential and resort to the Monte Carlo Casino on the east and northeast
• La Condamine, the northwest section including the port area, Port Nicholas Flores
1917, all these cities combined into one into one municipality.
One of the main sources of revenue in Monaco is a tourist area; of whom central casino gambling. But there are restrictions for the citizens of Monaco to gamble in casinos country.

3. Nauru ranks 3rd smallest country in the world with a total area of ​​21 km2. Its location, on the southern Pacific Ocean, just below the equator and south of the Marshall Islands. Distance from Guinea to Nauru roughly proportional to the distance from New Guinea to the island of Java.

Nauru was once known as Pleasant Island, a colony of imperial Germany since the late 19 th century. After World War I, Nauru under the UN trusteeship and administratively managed by Australia, New Zealand and England. In World War II, this small island occupied by Japan. After the war ended, the island is again in a United Nations trusteeship. Only in 1968, Nauru declared itself as an independent State Republican form. Population census of Nauru in 2009 amounted to 14,014 souls.
Uniquely, this country has no official capital, but Yaren generally regarded as the nation's capital, de facto, because most central government offices are located in this district. Yaren United Nations classifies as "major district."
The land that this country is famous of phosphate mined by a combination of foreign companies since last 90 years.

4.Tuvalu - formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is an island nation that lies between Hawaii and Australia in the Pacific Ocean.
The highest point between 114 islands that make up this country just as high as 5 m above sea level. The extent of 26 km2, with a population of 11 500 (census 2006).


5. San Marino - State ranks fifth in the world's smallest, third smallest in Europe.

Country surrounded by Italy, exactly in the north bordering the province of Rimini, Emilia-Romagna region and in the southern province of Pesaro and Urbino, region Marche. The extent of 61.2 km, with a population of 29,251 inhabitants.

6. Liechtenstein - a small country in the hills is in the form of this kingdom with a population of 35,000, situated between Switzerland and Austria. The extent of 160 km2. Liechtenstein is one of the two countries (other countries are Uzbekistan), whose position which is a landlocked country.

This country is wealthy and prosperous country. The main income of this country is derived from banking services and revenue from tourism. According to the CIA World Factbook, GDP (gross domestic product) the highest per-person world. What is also very famous is the pengemplang Liechtenstein as a tax paradise.

7. Republic of Marshall Islands (RMI), is the island state in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, the extent of 181 km2 with a population of 62,000 inhabitants. Spanish explorer Alonso de Salazar was the first European to discover Kep. Marshall, but the islands never visited again for several centuries until the British captain John Marshall mengunjuginya in 1788.

The islands were later named after him. Then, a German trading company set up branches in Kep. Marshall in 1885 that became part of the protectorate of German New Guinea some years later.

After Germany, Japan took over power in these islands in World War I. In World War II, the U.S. destroyed the Japanese and the control of these islands. Society became more suffering because of some islands in the Marshall Islands became a United States nuclear testing, even the largest nuclear testing at the time.

Atomic Energy Commission said the Marshall Islands became the most polluted places in the world. Once the enormity of this nuclear test, the first tests on Enewetak island Elugelab vanished from the earth. As a result of nuclear testing project, many residents exposed to high levels of radiation effects. Claim compensation for it, has continued until now.

In 1979, an agreement was signed the Compact of Free Association with the United States, which includes the establishment of the Republic of Marshall Islands, but the new agreement come into force in 1986.

8. Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis (also known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis), located in the Leeward Islands, the Caribbean, is a federal two-island state in the West Indies. Its area is 261 km2 with a population of 42,696 inhabitants.

Two island also includes the longest held occupation, especially Britain and France, who made their first colony in the West Indies. At least during the 17th century to early 18th century, two countries that each successive take over the island, until finally in 1713 handed over to the British.
Five thousand years before Europeans came in, the island was inhabited by Native Americans that the Indian tribes. The last tribe there is Kalinago, who entered the three centuries before Europeans entered. In 1962 a battle with Kalinago against Colonial, which causes most of the tribe was destroyed.

Initially, two small islands, a distance of 3 km it stands alone as a State, but the British forced the two countries and the island of Anguilla island became a state. All three became the 1967. But in 1971, Anguilla rebelled and broke away. St. Kitts and Nevis himself declared its independence in 1983.

9. Republic of Seychelles is an island nation in the middle of the Indian Ocean, about 1,600 km east of mainland Africa, and north-east of Madagascar. Neighboring territories is Mauritius and Reunion in the south, Comoros and Mayotte to the southwest, and the Maldives to the northeast. Its area is 455 km2, with a population of 81,755 inhabitants. This island nation got its independence from Britain in 1976.

10. Maldives - or the republic of Maldives Maldive Islands gained independence from Britain in 1965, is a small country in the Indian Ocean consists of a series of 26 Atolls area of ​​90 km2. This unique country with its capital at Male penduduk103.693 inhabitants (census 2006), while other islands are berjumpah 1192 the average island inhabited by 200 people.

If the world of Maldives are in the top 10 smallest states, on the contrary in Asia, the smallest country is number one, also the population that tersedikit among countries in the Asian country. Another uniqueness is that the State Maldives berarada also highest at the lowest point above sea level. Thus, the average island is only 1.5 meters above sea level, this is the lowest country in the world who are at sea level.
If the world of Maldives are in the top 10 smallest states, on the contrary in Asia, the smallest country is number one, also the population that tersedikit among countries in the Asian country. Another uniqueness is that the State Maldives berarada also highest at the lowest point above sea level. Thus, the average island is only 1.5 meters above sea level, this is the lowest country in the world who are at sea level.

11. Malta extent of 122 square miles - The country is located in the southern island of Sicily, Italy. The country gained independence from Britain in 1964, but the new British military actually left Malta in 1979. Malta Population 400,000 inhabitants.

12. Grenada extent of 133 square miles. This is one country in the Caribbean, its population is 90,000 inhabitants. Grenada gained independence from Britain in 1974.

13. aint Vincent and the Grenadines, the extent of 150 square miles. The population of 117,000 inhabitants. The country gained independence from Britain in 1979.

14. Barbados extent of 166 square miles with a population of 280,000 inhabitants. The country also are in the ranks of the Caribbean islands. Barbados gained independence from Britain in 1966.

15. Antigua and Barbuda total area of ​​171 square miles. Nation of 69,000 inhabitants is made up of three islands, gained independence from Britain in 1981.

16.Andorra extent of 468 km2 with a population Total population of only 280,228 inhabitants. Affairs of this principality in southwestern Europe. The eastern banks of the River Pyrenees bordering France and Spain. This prosperous country relies heavily on the tourism sector and also the activities kebeacukaian. Andorra is a part of the Catalan countries.
Charlemagne the Great or Charlemagne-founder Mr France and Germany, even sometimes called the founding father of Europe
Charlemagne the Great or Charlemagne-founder Mr France and Germany, even sometimes called the founding father of Europe

The history of this country is quite unique. This country is quite old, has been around since 1278. Evolving story says, Charlemagne the Great or Charlemagne-founder Mr France and Germany, even sometimes called the founding father of Europe. He was the first emperor in the West since the collapse of the Roman Empire .- provide charter for the people of Andorra as a substitute for their war against the Moors.

Position overlord in the area inherited by the prince Urgell and eventually to the bishop of the diocese of Urgell. In the 11th century, there is a conflict between the bishop and the neighbors to the north of France over Andorra.
In 1278, the conflict was resolved with the signing parage, who insists that the sovereignty of Andorra is held between the prince Foix of France (who eventually handed over his post to head the French state) and the bishop of La Seu d'Urgell, in Catalonia, Spain. This gives the small principality its territory and political form.

Over the years the position inherited by the king of Navarre. After Henrike of Navarre became King Henry IV of France, he issued an edict (1607), which gives the French state and the head office of the Bishop of Urgell trap-prince of Andorra.

Between 1812-13, Spain French Empire annexed Catalonia and divided into 4 departments. Andorra was also annexed and made part Puigcerdà district (département Segre).

In 1933 France menuduki Andorra as a result of social unrest before elections. On July 12, 1934, an explorer named Boris Skossyreff issued a proclamation in Urgel, declaring himself Boris I, sovereign prince of Andorra, simultaneously declared war on the bishop of Urgel.
He was arrested by the Spanish government on 20 July and finally expelled from Spain. From 1936 to 1940, a French detachment stationed in Andorra to prevent influences of the Spanish Civil War and Francisco Franco Bahamonde. However, Francisco Franco's troops reached the border of Andorra at the end of the war.

During World War II, Andorra remained neutral and is an important smuggling route between Vichy France and Spain.

17. Palau, the extent of 458 km2 - Palau also called Belau, is a country located in the Pacific Ocean, 200 km north of West Papua, 255 km east of North Maluku, 500 km east of North Sulawesi and 500 km east of the Philippines.

This country became independent in 1994 from the Trust Territory of Pacific Islands diperintahAmerika States. Palau consists of 8 major islands and at least 250 small islands.