Monday, April 18, 2011

Top 10 Most Popular Places in Greece

10. Temple of Zeus Olympia

Although only a few columns remain at Olympia Temple of Zeus in Athens did not take much imagination to realize that this is one giant temple. Its construction began in the 6th century BC during the reign of the tyrant of Athens, which envisaged building the greatest temple in the ancient world, but not finished until the reign of Roman Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century about 638 years after the project has begun.

9. Temple of Poseidon, Sounion

Located at the southern tip of the peninsula of Attica in Greece, the Temple of Poseidon at Sounion, 3 sides surrounded by sea. The temple was built in approx. 440 BC, on the ruins of the temple which comes from the archaic period. Only a few columns Temple of Poseidon stand, but if intact, this temple will resemble the Temple of Hephaestus at the Acropolis, this may be because it is designed by the same architect.

8. Temple of Zeus, Cyrene

Cyrene was the most important of the five Greek colony in Libya until now. The temple was destroyed during the Jewish revolt in 115, and again good 5 years later because it was built again by the Romans on the orders of Emperor Hadrian. In the year 365, the quake caused the temple collapsed once again and not rebuilt until the modern era by the British and Italian archaeologists. The temple is larger than the Parthenon, a reflection of the richness and importance of Cyrene in the ancient Greek world.

7. Erechtheum

The Erechtheum is an ancient Greek temple on the north side of the Ionic style of the Acropolis of Athens. The temple was built between 421 and 407 BC. Its name comes Erichthonius, the Greek hero. The temple is perhaps most famous for the typical terrace supported by six female figures known as Caryatids.

6. Temple of Apollo Epicurius

Located in the remote mountain slopes in the Peloponnese, the Temple of Apollo in Bassae Epicurius is well-preserved Greek temples and unusual. It was built somewhere between 450 and 400 BC. The temple is aligned north-south, unlike most Greek temples are aligned east-west. The temple is unusual in that it has examples of all three commands used in classical architecture of ancient Greece. Forms Ionic peristyle Doric columns support the porch while the columns and Corinthian columns in the interior features. Temple of Apollo Epicurius currently covered by the tent to protect the ruins from the elements.

5. Doric Temple of Segesta

Located in the northwestern part of Sicily, Segesta is one of the major cities of the Elymian, one of three indigenous peoples of Sicily. The population of Segesta mixed Elymian and Greece, although Elymians soon Hellenized and took the external characteristics of Greek life. Doric Temple which is located just outside the ancient site is well maintained. It is built in the late fifth century BC and has a 6 × 14 columns. and this temple is also apparently lacking a roof over the main room.

4. Paestum

Paestum is an ancient Greco-Roman city in southern Italy, not far from the beach. The city offers 3 preserved Greek temples. Is the oldest temple in Paestum Temple of Hera, built around 550 BC by Greek colonists. Nearby temple was built around a century later and is also dedicated to Hera, the goddess of marriage and childbirth. Furthermore stood the Temple of Athena was built around 500 BC.

3. Temple of Hephaestus

Located about 500 meters north-west of the famous Acropolis, Temple of Hephaestus is the best preserved Greek temples in the world, though far less known than the famous neighbors. This temple was built in the 5th century BC in a district that contains a lot of casting and metal shops. Therefore dedicated to Hephaestos, the god of metal working. Temple of Hephaestus designed by Ictinus, one architect who also worked on the Parthenon.

2. Valley of the Temples

Situated on a ridge outside the town of Agrigento, the remainder of the 7 Greek temple is called the Valley of Temples. Temple of Concordia, was built in the 5th century BC, is one of the largest of the best preserved Doric temples in a style that is still standing. Other temples include the Temple of Juno, which is used for wedding celebrations, and the Temple of Heracles, the oldest temple at the site which currently only consists of 8 columns.
1. Parthenon, Acropolis

Parthenon on the Acropolis is one of the most famous buildings in the world, and a visit to Athens is not complete without visiting this temple. Parthenon Construction began in 447 BC, replacing an older temple destroyed by the Persians, and was completed in 432 BC. The purpose of the Parthenon was to house a large statue of Athena parthenos made of ivory, silver and gold. First in the 5th century, the statue was looted by one of the Roman Emperor, and taken to Constantinople, where he later destroyed.
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