Friday, June 10, 2011

10 Most Powerful Tank in the World

Tanks are armored combat vehicle that moves using a wheel-shaped chain. The main characteristic of a tank is a patron who normally is a layer of heavy steel, the weapon which is a big cannon, and high mobility to move smoothly in all fields. Although the tank is an expensive vehicle and require a lot of logistical supplies, tanks are the most powerful land weapons and all-round on the modern battlefield, because of its ability to destroy any ground target, and the mental effect against infantry.

1. M1A2 Abrams (U.S.A)

Weight 67.6 short tons (61.4 tonnes)
Length Gun Forward: 32.04 ft (9.77 m)
Hull length: 26.02 ft (7.93 m)
Width 12 ft (3.66 m)
Height 8 ft (2:44 m)
Crew 4 (commander, gunner, loader, driver)

Primary Armament: 120 mm M256 smoothbore cannon
Secondary Armament: 1 x .50-caliber (12.7 mm) heavy machine gun M2HB
2 x M240 7.62 mm machine guns (1 pintle-mounted, 1 coaxial)
Engine: AGT-1500C multi-fuel turbine engine 1500 hp (1119 kW)
Power / weight: 24.5 hp / tonne
Operational range: 465.29 km (289 mi)
With NBC system: 449.19 km (279 mi)
Road Speed: 67.72 km / h (42 mph)
Off-road: 48.3 km / h (30 mph)

MBT M1 Abrams is General Dynamics Land Systems made in U.S.. The name is taken from General Creighton Abrams Abrams. Beginning of the M1 variant first entered operational service in 1978, M1A1 in 1985, and last M1A2 in 1986. M1A1 variants involved in the Gulf war and Operation Iraqi Freedom to deal with T-55, T-62 and T-72 Iraq.

Originally Abrams is the result of the cancellation of the MBT-70, a variant developed by German tanks and the U.S.. The project was later canceled and the cooperation of each party to continue the manufacture of tanks from the data obtained from the MBT-70 project, the U.S. and then make the M1 Abrams while Germany made Leopard 2. Early variant of M1 Abrams still use 105mm caliber cannon, in subsequent variants (M1A1 and M1A2) is replaced with artificial Rheinmetall 120mm caliber cannon Germany. Beginning of the M1 and M1A1 variants rely on diesel engines, but the M1A2 variant using a more powerful engine gasturbine, although the new engine uses more fuel.

After the experience in previous wars, Abrams has the additional choice of armor, that Tusk (Tank Urban Survival Kit).

2. T-80U (Russia)

Weight 50.7 tonnes
Length 7:01 m (9.72 m with gun in the forward position)
Width 3.60 m
Height 2.20 m
Crew 3 (driver, gunner, commander)
Primary Armament: 125 mm 2A46M-1 (D-81TM "Rapira-3") smoothbore gun 39 Rounds

Secondary Armament: 7.62 mm PKT coaxial machine gun (1.250 Rounds) [2]
KT 7.62 mm PKT coaxial machine gun-7.62 (1.250 Rounds) (T-80UD) [1]
NSVT 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun (500 Rounds) [2]
KT-12.07 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun (450 Rounds) (T-80UD) [1]
9M112 Kobra (AT-8 Songster) ATGM (6 missiles) (T-80, T-80B) [2]
Svir 9M119 (AT-11 Sniper) and 9M119M Reflex (AT-11B Sniper) ATGM [2] (6 missiles) (T-80U) [2]
Engine: GTD-1250 multi-fuel 1.250 hp (932 kW)
Power / weight: 24.7 hp / tonne (18.4 kW / tonne)
Operational range: 500 km, 900 km with extra tanks (on road)

T-80 is produced at the Kirov Plant, Leningrad. First entered operational service in 1976. T-80 is designed to replace T-64. T-80 was the first Russian tanks that use gasturbine machine, this machine is capable of making the T-80 reached speeds 70km/jam with a maximum distance of 335km. As the characteristics of gas turbine engines generally, GTD-1000 engine is consuming a lot of fuel, so that the hull tanks made design changes to accommodate more fuel. In the next variant of the T-80U, gasturbine engine replaced with a GTD-1250.

T-80 uses caliber 125mm cannon. This cannon can fire a bullet other than a tank can be used also to launch ATGW. In addition, T-80 using the Autoloader, thereby reducing the number of crew members to 3. As with previous variants, this tank has been equipped by the dozer at the bottom of the hull.

Currently carrying T-80 4500 are still operating in Russia.

3. T-90 (Russia)

Weight 46.5 tonnes
Length 9:53 m (31.27 ft)
Width 3.78 m (12.09 ft)
Height 2.22 m (7:28 ft)
Crew 3

Primary Armament: 125 mm smoothbore gun with ATGM capability; mainly 9M119 Svir
Secondary Armament: 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun, 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun
Engine: V-96 Model 12-cyl. Diesel 1.100 hp (820 kW) for V-96 12-cyl. diesel engine
Power / weight: 23.7 hp / tonne (17.6 kW / tonne) for V-96 12-cyl. diesel engine.

4. Leclerc (France)

Weight 54.5 tonnes
Length 9.87 m (6.88 without gun)
Width 3.71 m
2:53 m Height
Crew 3 (Commander, gunner, driver)

Primary Armament: 120mm tank gun 40 Rounds
Secondary Armament: 12.7 mm coaxial machine gun M2HB 1.100 3.000 Rounds Rounds 7.62mm machine gun
Engine: 8-cylinder diesel Wärtsilä 1.500 hp (1.100 kW)
Power / weight: 27.52 hp / tonne
Operational range: 550 km
Speed: 71 km / h

5. Leopard 2A6 (Germany)

Weight 62.3 tonnes
Length 7.7 m
Width 3.7 m
Height 3.0 m
Crew 4

Primary Armament: 1 x 120 mm Rheinmetall L55 smoothbore gun.42 Rounds
Secondary Armament: 1 x 7.62 mm MG3 4.750 Rounds
Engine: MTU MB 873 Ka-501 12-cylinder diesel 1.500 HP (1.103 kW) at 2600 RPM.
Power / weight: 24.2 hp / tonne
range: 550 km (internal fuel)
Speed: 72 km / h

6. Challenger 1 (United Kingdom)

Weight 62 tonnes
Length 5.11 m (gun forward)
3:51 m Width
Height 2.95 m
Crew 4 (commander, gunner, loader, driver)

Primary Armament: L11A5 120 mm rifled 64 Rounds
Secondary Armament: 7.62 mm L8A2, L37A2 7.62 mm machine guns Rounds 4.000
Engine: Rolls-Royce CV12 26 liter diesel engines 1.200 hp (895 kW)
range: 450 km (on road)
Speed: 56 km / h (37 mph)

7. Challenger 2 (United Kingdom)

Weight 62.5 tonnes
Length 8.3 m (11:50 m with gun forward)
Width 3.5 m (4.2 m with applique armor)
Height 2.5 m
Crew 4 (commander, gunner, loader / operator, driver)

Primary Armament: L30A1 120 mm rifled with 52 Rounds
Secondary Armament: coaxial 7.62 mm L94A1 EX-34 (chain gun), 7.62 mm L37A2 Commander's cupola machine gun
Engine: Perkins 1.200 Diesel CV-12 hp (895 kW)
Power / weight: 19.2 hp / tonne
range: 450 km (279 miles)
Speed: 59 km / h (37 mph)

8. Type-90 (Japan)

Weight 50.2 tonnes
Length 9755 m
3:33 m Width
2:33 m Height
Crew 3

Primary Armament: 120mm smoothbore gun 35 Rounds
Secondary Armament: M2HB 12.7mm machine gun machine gun 7.62mm Rounds 1.500 74 2.000 Type Rounds
Mitsubishi Engine 10ZG 10 cylinder, Two stroke cycle Diesel 21500cc 1500ps/2400rpm (1.120 kW)
Power / weight: 30 hp / tonne
range: 350 km (Fuel 1100L)
Speed: 70 km / h (Acceleration: 0-200m/20s)

9. K1 88 (South Korean)

Weight 51.1 tonnes (54.5 tons for K1A1)
Length 9.67 m (9.71m for K1A1)
Width 3.60 m
Height 2.25 m
Crew 4

K1A1 Primary Armament: 120mm KM256
Secondary Armament: 12.7 mm antiaircraft machine gun 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun
Engine: 10-cyl. water-cooled diesel MTU 871 Ka-501 1200 hp (890 kW)
Power / weight: 23.4 hp / ton (22.0 hp / ton for K1A1)
range: 500 km
Speed: 65 km / h

10. Type-96 (People's Republic of China)

Weight 46 tonnes
Length 10:28 m
3:45 m Width
Height 2.30 m
Crew 3

Primary Armament: 125 mm smoothbore gun
Secondary Armament: 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun 12.7 mm air-defense machine gun
Engine: diesel 1000 hp (750 kW)
Power / weight: 21 hp / tonne
Operational range: 450 km, 600 km with external fuel
Speed: 65 km / h
source:terselubung.blogspot.com
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